Krokodil Drug is a street name for a homemade version of the opioid drug desomorphine. It is a mixture of codeine and various chemicals, including gasoline, paints thinner, and hydrochloric acid.
A toxic substance:
Krokodil is highly toxic and can cause severe damage to the skin and underlying tissue, leading to gangrene and amputation in extreme cases. It is also highly addictive and can cause severe damage to the skin and underlying tissue, leading to infection and amputation in severe cases.
What is Krokodil (desomorphine):
Krokodil is a toxic opioid derivative of codeine. Similar to the greatest pain-relieving drugs, it has sedating and analgesic effects and is also addictive.
Synthesis Of Krokodil:
Krokodil contains desomorphine, an artificial morphine analogue invented in the 1930s. Illegal, home-produced krokodil may contain other substances.
A Codeine Derivative:
Methylmorphine, also known as de Janeiro, is the professional name for desomorphine, which is also known by slang terms including krokodil. Homemade versions of the drug start by turning codeine into the manufacture of methamphetamine (meth).
Krokodil as an analgesic:
Krokodil is an opioid analgesic used to treat pain that began in the 1800s. It is now used with other analgesic medications to treat various pain disorders. The drug has an apparent association with several deaths throughout North America and Europe.
Ingestion of the drug:
Ingestion of the drug causes extreme pain and is a hazardous self-treatment method.
Krokodil is an addictive drug:
Yes, krokodil is highly addictive. The drug is a powerful opioid, and like other opioids, it activates the brain’s reward system. It releases a large amount of dopamine, a neurotransmitter associated with pleasure and euphoria. This creates a feeling of euphoria, sedation, and pain relief that is highly reinforcing and can lead to addiction.
The addiction to krokodil can be very strong and difficult to overcome. The withdrawal symptoms can be severe, including anxiety, depression, muscle pain, insomnia, and intense cravings for the drug.
What is the extent of krokodil use?
The synthesized substance krokodil has been identified in Russia for 15 years. Opportune reports indicate that over one million individuals in Russia use, have accustomed to, or utilize mixed krokodil. Krokodil names mentioned above include Cheornaya in Russia and Himiya in Ukraine. Krokodil is responsible for thousands of deaths in Russia.
Codeine is preferred over heroin since it costs less and is easy to acquire. The effects of the active ingredients in both these drugs are unknown when mixed for illegal drug use.
krokodil in the U.S.?
Only a few reports about krokodil usage in the U.S. were received until September 2013, when a poison control centre in Phoenix, Arizona, received inquiries about the product. Recent reports from Illinois and Oklahoma have emerged. As of July 2019, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) has said that they have not detected any krokodil since 2004 through their tests.
Effects Of Krokodil Drug:
The effects of the drug krokodil can be severe and long-lasting. The drug is a powerful opioid that can cause euphoria, sedation, and pain relief.
Short-term effects of the drug include:
- -Nausea and vomiting
- Dizziness and confusion
- Respiratory depression
- Itching and rashes
- Gangrene, particularly in the skin and soft tissue around the injection site
Long-term effects of the drug include:
- Severe damage to the skin, including scaly, greenish-black, and scabby lesions
- Blood poisoning
- Liver and kidney damage
- Amputation of the affected limb
- Cardiovascular damage
- Brain damage
Krokodil is an extremely dangerous drug because of the impurities in the drug, and the short and long-term effects can be very severe and even deadly.
Route Of Injection:
Some chemicals used could be gasoline, paint thinner, and hydrochloric acid.
According to relevant studies, the drug lasts between two and three minutes and to fifteen minutes. It is approximately 3 to 10 times more potent than morphine and around sometimes times as toxic.
Sometimes, removing dangerous chemicals from organic matter results in only a residue consisting of a narcotic, desomorphine.
How to Test Drug Toxicology:
Toxicology drug screening is something you might not consider likely, but it’s still possible. Testing for drug abuse in the workplace is increasingly common in the U.S., and drug testing for athletes has become an unavoidable part of the sport. What do you need to know about prospect testing? In general, there are four types of drug testing.
Workplace Drug :
Pre-employment workplace drug tests typically require an applicant to provide a urine sample but may also necessitate saliva, sweat, or hair samples before employment. In some cases, especially those with a heightened level of security, workers may be subject to random drug testing during their employment.
A standard procedure for determining drug employment is a five-panel, which consists of
Testing Medical Drugs:
Clinical drug testing is conducted to assist patients’ medical history diagnosis and treatment.
-Often, this testing will observe patients brought to the emergency room due to a suspected accidental overdose.
Blood samples taken from a venipuncture can be screened for elevated concentrations of prescription medications.
Testing Athletic Drug:
Athletic drug testing is done to detect harmful drugs or performance-enhancing agents in competitive-level athletes. In the U.S., drug testing may occur in Olympic-level sports, NCAA sports (NCAA), and professional sports.
Drugs that are important to test for in athletes can include these.
- Anabolic steroids
- Beta 2 Agonists
Testing Forensic Analysis:
Forensic toxicology testing is also known as postmortem toxicology testing. A liberatory conducts it to analyze medical and legal-related purposes.Forensic toxicology testing may occur after an accidental death during driving, a suspected murder or suicide, suspected drug abuse, or a suspected drug overdose.
Laboratory Test For Drug testing:
A professional lab conducts an appropriate drug test. An unreliable drug test has two components.
- Immunoassay and confirmatory (GC-MS) testing are among the most common ways to test for drugs.
Drug Facts concerning krokodil:
Commonly used or simple last names are Crocodilus, Russian Magic, Poor Man’s Heroin, and Zombie drug.
Why did we call it a Zombie Drug?
According to reports by the media, most drug abuse leads to gangrene or other skin lesions.
The skin of a crocodile:
The skin of krokodil users absorbs the drug and can become discoloured, flaky, and scaly, like the skin of a reptile or a crocodile.
A person’s skin can become discoloured, flaky, and scaly after a krokodil injection.
In 2013, the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) had not confirmed any cases of krokodil use in the United States.